Google Cloud Pub/Sub C++ Client  1.17.0
A C++ Client Library for Google Cloud Pub/Sub
Cloud Pub/Sub C++ Client Library

The Cloud Pusb/Sub C++ Client library offers types and functions to use Cloud Pub/Sub from C++11 applications.

This library requires a C++11 compiler. It is supported (and tested) on multiple Linux distributions, macOS, and Windows.


The following instructions show you how to perform basic tasks in Cloud Pub/Sub using the C++ client library.

Before you begin

  1. Select or create a Google Cloud Platform (GCP) project using the manage resource page. Make a note of the project id as you will need to use it later.
  2. Make sure that billing is enabled for your project.
  3. Learn about key terms and concepts for Cloud Pub/Sub.
  4. Setup the authentication for the examples:

Setting up your repo

In order to use the Cloud Pub/Sub C++ client library from your own code, you'll need to configure your build system how to fetch and compile the Cloud C++ client library. The Cloud Pub/Sub C++ client library natively supports the Bazel and CMake build systems. We've created a minimal, "Hello world", quickstart repo that includes detailed instructions on how to compile the library for use in your application. You can fetch the source from GitHub as normal:

git clone
cd google-cloud-cpp/google/cloud/pubsub/quickstart
Example: Hello World

The following shows the code that you'll run in the google/cloud/pubsub/quickstart/ directory, which should give you a taste of the Cloud Pub/Sub C++ client library API.

API Notes

The following are general notes about using the library.

Environment Variables

There are several environment variables that can be set to configure certain behaviors in the library.

  • GOOGLE_CLOUD_CPP_ENABLE_CLOG=yes turns on logging in the library, basically the library always "logs" but the logging infrastructure has no backend to actually print anything until the application sets a backend or they set this environment variable.
  • GOOGLE_CLOUD_CPP_ENABLE_TRACING=rpc turns on tracing for most gRPC calls. The library injects an additional Stub decorator that prints each gRPC request and response.
  • GOOGLE_CLOUD_CPP_TRACING_OPTIONS=... modifies the behavior of gRPC tracing, including whether messages will be output on multiple lines, or whether string/bytes fields will be truncated.
  • GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT=... is used in examples and integration tests to configure the GCP project.
  • PUBSUB_EMULATOR_HOST=host:port tells the library to connect to the specified emulator rather than the default endpoint.

Error Handling

This library never throws exceptions to signal error. In general, the library returns a StatusOr<T> if an error is possible. Some functions return objects that are not wrapped in a StatusOr<> but will themselves return a StatusOr<T> to signal an error. For example, wrappers for asynchronous operations return future<StatusOr<T>>.


Applications should check if the StatusOr<T> contains a value before using it, much like how you might check that a pointer is not null before dereferencing it. Indeed, a StatusOr<T> object can be used like a smart-pointer to T, with the main difference being that when it does not hold a T it will instead hold a Status object with extra information about the error.

You can check that a StatusOr<T> contains a value by calling the .ok() method, or by using operator bool() (like with other smart pointers). If there is no value, you can access the contained Status object using the .status() member. If there is a value, you may access it by dereferencing with operator*() or operator->(). As with all smart pointers, callers must first check that the StatusOr<T> contains a value before dereferencing and accessing the contained value. Alternatively, callers may instead use the .value() member function which is defined to throw a RuntimeStatusError if there is no value.

If you're compiling with exceptions disabled, calling .value() on a StatusOr<T> that does not contain a value will terminate the program instead of throwing.
namespace pubsub = ::google::cloud::pubsub;
[](pubsub::TopicAdminClient client, std::string const& project_id) {
// The actual type of `topic` is
// google::cloud::StatusOr<google::pubsub::v1::Topic>, but
// we expect it'll most often be declared with auto like this.
for (auto const& topic : client.ListTopics(project_id)) {
// Use `topic` like a smart pointer; check it before dereferencing
if (!topic) {
// `topic` doesn't contain a value, so `.status()` will contain error
// info
std::cerr << topic.status() << "\n";
std::cout << topic->DebugString() << "\n";

Next Steps