As of January 1, 2020 this library no longer supports Python 2 on the latest released version. Library versions released prior to that date will continue to be available. For more information please visit Python 2 support on Google Cloud.

Source code for google.cloud.firestore_v1.client

# Copyright 2017 Google LLC All rights reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

"""Client for interacting with the Google Cloud Firestore API.

This is the base from which all interactions with the API occur.

In the hierarchy of API concepts

* a :class:`~google.cloud.firestore_v1.client.Client` owns a
  :class:`~google.cloud.firestore_v1.collection.CollectionReference`
* a :class:`~google.cloud.firestore_v1.client.Client` owns a
  :class:`~google.cloud.firestore_v1.document.DocumentReference`
"""

from google.api_core import gapic_v1  # type: ignore
from google.api_core import retry as retries  # type: ignore

from google.cloud.firestore_v1.base_client import (
    BaseClient,
    DEFAULT_DATABASE,
    _CLIENT_INFO,
    _parse_batch_get,
    _path_helper,
)

from google.cloud.firestore_v1.query import CollectionGroup
from google.cloud.firestore_v1.batch import WriteBatch
from google.cloud.firestore_v1.collection import CollectionReference
from google.cloud.firestore_v1.document import DocumentReference
from google.cloud.firestore_v1.transaction import Transaction
from google.cloud.firestore_v1.services.firestore import client as firestore_client
from google.cloud.firestore_v1.services.firestore.transports import (
    grpc as firestore_grpc_transport,
)
from typing import Any, Generator, Iterable, Tuple

# Types needed only for Type Hints
from google.cloud.firestore_v1.base_document import DocumentSnapshot


[docs]class Client(BaseClient): """Client for interacting with Google Cloud Firestore API. .. note:: Since the Cloud Firestore API requires the gRPC transport, no ``_http`` argument is accepted by this class. Args: project (Optional[str]): The project which the client acts on behalf of. If not passed, falls back to the default inferred from the environment. credentials (Optional[~google.auth.credentials.Credentials]): The OAuth2 Credentials to use for this client. If not passed, falls back to the default inferred from the environment. database (Optional[str]): The database name that the client targets. For now, :attr:`DEFAULT_DATABASE` (the default value) is the only valid database. client_info (Optional[google.api_core.gapic_v1.client_info.ClientInfo]): The client info used to send a user-agent string along with API requests. If ``None``, then default info will be used. Generally, you only need to set this if you're developing your own library or partner tool. client_options (Union[dict, google.api_core.client_options.ClientOptions]): Client options used to set user options on the client. API Endpoint should be set through client_options. """ def __init__( self, project=None, credentials=None, database=DEFAULT_DATABASE, client_info=_CLIENT_INFO, client_options=None, ) -> None: super(Client, self).__init__( project=project, credentials=credentials, database=database, client_info=client_info, client_options=client_options, ) @property def _firestore_api(self): """Lazy-loading getter GAPIC Firestore API. Returns: :class:`~google.cloud.gapic.firestore.v1`.firestore_client.FirestoreClient: The GAPIC client with the credentials of the current client. """ return self._firestore_api_helper( firestore_grpc_transport.FirestoreGrpcTransport, firestore_client.FirestoreClient, firestore_client, ) @property def _target(self): """Return the target (where the API is). Eg. "firestore.googleapis.com" Returns: str: The location of the API. """ return self._target_helper(firestore_client.FirestoreClient)
[docs] def collection(self, *collection_path: Tuple[str]) -> CollectionReference: """Get a reference to a collection. For a top-level collection: .. code-block:: python >>> client.collection('top') For a sub-collection: .. code-block:: python >>> client.collection('mydocs/doc/subcol') >>> # is the same as >>> client.collection('mydocs', 'doc', 'subcol') Sub-collections can be nested deeper in a similar fashion. Args: collection_path (Tuple[str, ...]): Can either be * A single ``/``-delimited path to a collection * A tuple of collection path segments Returns: :class:`~google.cloud.firestore_v1.collection.CollectionReference`: A reference to a collection in the Firestore database. """ return CollectionReference(*_path_helper(collection_path), client=self)
[docs] def collection_group(self, collection_id: str) -> CollectionGroup: """ Creates and returns a new Query that includes all documents in the database that are contained in a collection or subcollection with the given collection_id. .. code-block:: python >>> query = client.collection_group('mygroup') Args: collection_id (str) Identifies the collections to query over. Every collection or subcollection with this ID as the last segment of its path will be included. Cannot contain a slash. Returns: :class:`~google.cloud.firestore_v1.query.CollectionGroup`: The created Query. """ return CollectionGroup(self._get_collection_reference(collection_id))
[docs] def document(self, *document_path: Tuple[str]) -> DocumentReference: """Get a reference to a document in a collection. For a top-level document: .. code-block:: python >>> client.document('collek/shun') >>> # is the same as >>> client.document('collek', 'shun') For a document in a sub-collection: .. code-block:: python >>> client.document('mydocs/doc/subcol/child') >>> # is the same as >>> client.document('mydocs', 'doc', 'subcol', 'child') Documents in sub-collections can be nested deeper in a similar fashion. Args: document_path (Tuple[str, ...]): Can either be * A single ``/``-delimited path to a document * A tuple of document path segments Returns: :class:`~google.cloud.firestore_v1.document.DocumentReference`: A reference to a document in a collection. """ return DocumentReference( *self._document_path_helper(*document_path), client=self )
[docs] def get_all( self, references: list, field_paths: Iterable[str] = None, transaction: Transaction = None, retry: retries.Retry = gapic_v1.method.DEFAULT, timeout: float = None, ) -> Generator[DocumentSnapshot, Any, None]: """Retrieve a batch of documents. .. note:: Documents returned by this method are not guaranteed to be returned in the same order that they are given in ``references``. .. note:: If multiple ``references`` refer to the same document, the server will only return one result. See :meth:`~google.cloud.firestore_v1.client.Client.field_path` for more information on **field paths**. If a ``transaction`` is used and it already has write operations added, this method cannot be used (i.e. read-after-write is not allowed). Args: references (List[.DocumentReference, ...]): Iterable of document references to be retrieved. field_paths (Optional[Iterable[str, ...]]): An iterable of field paths (``.``-delimited list of field names) to use as a projection of document fields in the returned results. If no value is provided, all fields will be returned. transaction (Optional[:class:`~google.cloud.firestore_v1.transaction.Transaction`]): An existing transaction that these ``references`` will be retrieved in. retry (google.api_core.retry.Retry): Designation of what errors, if any, should be retried. Defaults to a system-specified policy. timeout (float): The timeout for this request. Defaults to a system-specified value. Yields: .DocumentSnapshot: The next document snapshot that fulfills the query, or :data:`None` if the document does not exist. """ request, reference_map, kwargs = self._prep_get_all( references, field_paths, transaction, retry, timeout ) response_iterator = self._firestore_api.batch_get_documents( request=request, metadata=self._rpc_metadata, **kwargs, ) for get_doc_response in response_iterator: yield _parse_batch_get(get_doc_response, reference_map, self)
[docs] def collections( self, retry: retries.Retry = gapic_v1.method.DEFAULT, timeout: float = None, ) -> Generator[Any, Any, None]: """List top-level collections of the client's database. Args: retry (google.api_core.retry.Retry): Designation of what errors, if any, should be retried. Defaults to a system-specified policy. timeout (float): The timeout for this request. Defaults to a system-specified value. Returns: Sequence[:class:`~google.cloud.firestore_v1.collection.CollectionReference`]: iterator of subcollections of the current document. """ request, kwargs = self._prep_collections(retry, timeout) iterator = self._firestore_api.list_collection_ids( request=request, metadata=self._rpc_metadata, **kwargs, ) for collection_id in iterator: yield self.collection(collection_id)
[docs] def batch(self) -> WriteBatch: """Get a batch instance from this client. Returns: :class:`~google.cloud.firestore_v1.batch.WriteBatch`: A "write" batch to be used for accumulating document changes and sending the changes all at once. """ return WriteBatch(self)
[docs] def transaction(self, **kwargs) -> Transaction: """Get a transaction that uses this client. See :class:`~google.cloud.firestore_v1.transaction.Transaction` for more information on transactions and the constructor arguments. Args: kwargs (Dict[str, Any]): The keyword arguments (other than ``client``) to pass along to the :class:`~google.cloud.firestore_v1.transaction.Transaction` constructor. Returns: :class:`~google.cloud.firestore_v1.transaction.Transaction`: A transaction attached to this client. """ return Transaction(self, **kwargs)