Source code for google.auth.identity_pool

# Copyright 2020 Google LLC
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

"""Identity Pool Credentials.

This module provides credentials to access Google Cloud resources from on-prem
or non-Google Cloud platforms which support external credentials (e.g. OIDC ID
tokens) retrieved from local file locations or local servers. This includes
Microsoft Azure and OIDC identity providers (e.g. K8s workloads registered with
Hub with Hub workload identity enabled).

These credentials are recommended over the use of service account credentials
in on-prem/non-Google Cloud platforms as they do not involve the management of
long-live service account private keys.

Identity Pool Credentials are initialized using external_account
arguments which are typically loaded from an external credentials file or
an external credentials URL.

This module also provides a definition for an abstract subject token supplier.
This supplier can be implemented to return a valid OIDC or SAML2.0 subject token
and used to create Identity Pool credentials. The credentials will then call the
supplier instead of using pre-defined methods such as reading a local file or
calling a URL.

    from import Mapping
# Python 2.7 compatibility
except ImportError:  # pragma: NO COVER
    from collections import Mapping  # type: ignore
import abc
import json
import os
from typing import NamedTuple

from google.auth import _helpers
from google.auth import exceptions
from google.auth import external_account

[docs] class SubjectTokenSupplier(metaclass=abc.ABCMeta): """Base class for subject token suppliers. This can be implemented with custom logic to retrieve a subject token to exchange for a Google Cloud access token when using Workload or Workforce Identity Federation. The identity pool credential does not cache the subject token, so caching logic should be added in the implementation. """
[docs] @abc.abstractmethod def get_subject_token(self, context, request): """Returns the requested subject token. The subject token must be valid. .. warning: This is not cached by the calling Google credential, so caching logic should be implemented in the supplier. Args: context (google.auth.externalaccount.SupplierContext): The context object containing information about the requested audience and subject token type. request (google.auth.transport.Request): The object used to make HTTP requests. Raises: google.auth.exceptions.RefreshError: If an error is encountered during subject token retrieval logic. Returns: str: The requested subject token string. """ raise NotImplementedError("")
class _TokenContent(NamedTuple): """Models the token content response from file and url internal suppliers. Attributes: content (str): The string content of the file or URL response. location (str): The location the content was retrieved from. This will either be a file location or a URL. """ content: str location: str class _FileSupplier(SubjectTokenSupplier): """ Internal implementation of subject token supplier which supports reading a subject token from a file.""" def __init__(self, path, format_type, subject_token_field_name): self._path = path self._format_type = format_type self._subject_token_field_name = subject_token_field_name @_helpers.copy_docstring(SubjectTokenSupplier) def get_subject_token(self, context, request): if not os.path.exists(self._path): raise exceptions.RefreshError("File '{}' was not found.".format(self._path)) with open(self._path, "r", encoding="utf-8") as file_obj: token_content = _TokenContent(, self._path) return _parse_token_data( token_content, self._format_type, self._subject_token_field_name ) class _UrlSupplier(SubjectTokenSupplier): """ Internal implementation of subject token supplier which supports retrieving a subject token by calling a URL endpoint.""" def __init__(self, url, format_type, subject_token_field_name, headers): self._url = url self._format_type = format_type self._subject_token_field_name = subject_token_field_name self._headers = headers @_helpers.copy_docstring(SubjectTokenSupplier) def get_subject_token(self, context, request): response = request(url=self._url, method="GET", headers=self._headers) # support both string and bytes type response_body = ("utf-8") if hasattr(, "decode") else ) if response.status != 200: raise exceptions.RefreshError( "Unable to retrieve Identity Pool subject token", response_body ) token_content = _TokenContent(response_body, self._url) return _parse_token_data( token_content, self._format_type, self._subject_token_field_name ) def _parse_token_data(token_content, format_type="text", subject_token_field_name=None): if format_type == "text": token = token_content.content else: try: # Parse file content as JSON. response_data = json.loads(token_content.content) # Get the subject_token. token = response_data[subject_token_field_name] except (KeyError, ValueError): raise exceptions.RefreshError( "Unable to parse subject_token from JSON file '{}' using key '{}'".format( token_content.location, subject_token_field_name ) ) if not token: raise exceptions.RefreshError( "Missing subject_token in the credential_source file" ) return token
[docs] class Credentials(external_account.Credentials): """External account credentials sourced from files and URLs.""" def __init__( self, audience, subject_token_type, token_url=external_account._DEFAULT_TOKEN_URL, credential_source=None, subject_token_supplier=None, *args, **kwargs ): """Instantiates an external account credentials object from a file/URL. Args: audience (str): The STS audience field. subject_token_type (str): The subject token type based on the Oauth2.0 token exchange spec. Expected values include:: “urn:ietf:params:oauth:token-type:jwt” “urn:ietf:params:oauth:token-type:id-token” “urn:ietf:params:oauth:token-type:saml2” token_url (Optional [str]): The STS endpoint URL. If not provided, will default to "". credential_source (Optional [Mapping]): The credential source dictionary used to provide instructions on how to retrieve external credential to be exchanged for Google access tokens. Either a credential source or a subject token supplier must be provided. Example credential_source for url-sourced credential:: { "url": "", "format": { "type": "json", "subject_token_field_name": "access_token", }, "headers": {"foo": "bar"}, } Example credential_source for file-sourced credential:: { "file": "/path/to/token/file.txt" } subject_token_supplier (Optional [SubjectTokenSupplier]): Optional subject token supplier. This will be called to supply a valid subject token which will then be exchanged for Google access tokens. Either a subject token supplier or a credential source must be provided. args (List): Optional positional arguments passed into the underlying :meth:`~external_account.Credentials.__init__` method. kwargs (Mapping): Optional keyword arguments passed into the underlying :meth:`~external_account.Credentials.__init__` method. Raises: google.auth.exceptions.RefreshError: If an error is encountered during access token retrieval logic. ValueError: For invalid parameters. .. note:: Typically one of the helper constructors :meth:`from_file` or :meth:`from_info` are used instead of calling the constructor directly. """ super(Credentials, self).__init__( audience=audience, subject_token_type=subject_token_type, token_url=token_url, credential_source=credential_source, *args, **kwargs ) if credential_source is None and subject_token_supplier is None: raise exceptions.InvalidValue( "A valid credential source or a subject token supplier must be provided." ) if credential_source is not None and subject_token_supplier is not None: raise exceptions.InvalidValue( "Identity pool credential cannot have both a credential source and a subject token supplier." ) if subject_token_supplier is not None: self._subject_token_supplier = subject_token_supplier self._credential_source_file = None self._credential_source_url = None else: if not isinstance(credential_source, Mapping): self._credential_source_executable = None raise exceptions.MalformedError( "Invalid credential_source. The credential_source is not a dict." ) self._credential_source_file = credential_source.get("file") self._credential_source_url = credential_source.get("url") self._credential_source_headers = credential_source.get("headers") credential_source_format = credential_source.get("format", {}) # Get credential_source format type. When not provided, this # defaults to text. self._credential_source_format_type = ( credential_source_format.get("type") or "text" ) # environment_id is only supported in AWS or dedicated future external # account credentials. if "environment_id" in credential_source: raise exceptions.MalformedError( "Invalid Identity Pool credential_source field 'environment_id'" ) if self._credential_source_format_type not in ["text", "json"]: raise exceptions.MalformedError( "Invalid credential_source format '{}'".format( self._credential_source_format_type ) ) # For JSON types, get the required subject_token field name. if self._credential_source_format_type == "json": self._credential_source_field_name = credential_source_format.get( "subject_token_field_name" ) if self._credential_source_field_name is None: raise exceptions.MalformedError( "Missing subject_token_field_name for JSON credential_source format" ) else: self._credential_source_field_name = None if self._credential_source_file and self._credential_source_url: raise exceptions.MalformedError( "Ambiguous credential_source. 'file' is mutually exclusive with 'url'." ) if not self._credential_source_file and not self._credential_source_url: raise exceptions.MalformedError( "Missing credential_source. A 'file' or 'url' must be provided." ) if self._credential_source_file: self._subject_token_supplier = _FileSupplier( self._credential_source_file, self._credential_source_format_type, self._credential_source_field_name, ) else: self._subject_token_supplier = _UrlSupplier( self._credential_source_url, self._credential_source_format_type, self._credential_source_field_name, self._credential_source_headers, )
[docs] @_helpers.copy_docstring(external_account.Credentials) def retrieve_subject_token(self, request): return self._subject_token_supplier.get_subject_token( self._supplier_context, request )
def _create_default_metrics_options(self): metrics_options = super(Credentials, self)._create_default_metrics_options() # Check that credential source is a dict before checking for file vs url. This check needs to be done # here because the external_account credential constructor needs to pass the metrics options to the # impersonated credential object before the identity_pool credentials are validated. if isinstance(self._credential_source, Mapping): if self._credential_source.get("file"): metrics_options["source"] = "file" else: metrics_options["source"] = "url" else: metrics_options["source"] = "programmatic" return metrics_options def _has_custom_supplier(self): return self._credential_source is None def _constructor_args(self): args = super(Credentials, self)._constructor_args() # If a custom supplier was used, append it to the args dict. if self._has_custom_supplier(): args.update({"subject_token_supplier": self._subject_token_supplier}) return args
[docs] @classmethod def from_info(cls, info, **kwargs): """Creates an Identity Pool Credentials instance from parsed external account info. Args: info (Mapping[str, str]): The Identity Pool external account info in Google format. kwargs: Additional arguments to pass to the constructor. Returns: google.auth.identity_pool.Credentials: The constructed credentials. Raises: ValueError: For invalid parameters. """ subject_token_supplier = info.get("subject_token_supplier") kwargs.update({"subject_token_supplier": subject_token_supplier}) return super(Credentials, cls).from_info(info, **kwargs)
[docs] @classmethod def from_file(cls, filename, **kwargs): """Creates an IdentityPool Credentials instance from an external account json file. Args: filename (str): The path to the IdentityPool external account json file. kwargs: Additional arguments to pass to the constructor. Returns: google.auth.identity_pool.Credentials: The constructed credentials. """ return super(Credentials, cls).from_file(filename, **kwargs)