Class: Google::Apis::ServiceusageV1::HttpRule

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
Core::Hashable, Core::JsonObjectSupport
Defined in:
generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/classes.rb,
generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/representations.rb,
generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/representations.rb

Overview

gRPC Transcoding

gRPC Transcoding is a feature for mapping between a gRPC method and one or more HTTP REST endpoints. It allows developers to build a single API service that supports both gRPC APIs and REST APIs. Many systems, including Google APIs, Cloud Endpoints, gRPC Gateway, and Envoy proxy support this feature and use it for large scale production services. HttpRule defines the schema of the gRPC/REST mapping. The mapping specifies how different portions of the gRPC request message are mapped to the URL path, URL query parameters, and HTTP request body. It also controls how the gRPC response message is mapped to the HTTP response body. HttpRule is typically specified as an google.api.http annotation on the gRPC method. Each mapping specifies a URL path template and an HTTP method. The path template may refer to one or more fields in the gRPC request message, as long as each field is a non-repeated field with a primitive (non-message) type. The path template controls how fields of the request message are mapped to the URL path. Example: service Messaging rpc GetMessage(GetMessageRequest) returns (Message) option (google.api.http) = get: "/v1/name=messages/" ; message GetMessageRequest string name = 1; // Mapped to URL path. message Message string text = 1; // The resource content. This enables an HTTP REST to gRPC mapping as below: HTTP | gRPC -----|----- GET /v1/messages/123456 | GetMessage(name: "messages/123456") Any fields in the request message which are not bound by the path template automatically become HTTP query parameters if there is no HTTP request body. For example: service Messaging rpc GetMessage(GetMessageRequest) returns (Message) option (google.api.http) = get:"/v1/messages/message_id" ; message GetMessageRequest message SubMessage string subfield = 1; string message_id = 1; // Mapped to URL path. int64 revision = 2; // Mapped to URL query parameterrevision. SubMessage sub = 3; // Mapped to URL query parametersub.subfield. This enables a HTTP JSON to RPC mapping as below: HTTP | gRPC -----|----- GET /v1/messages/123456?revision=2&sub.subfield=foo | GetMessage(message_id: "123456" revision: 2 sub: SubMessage(subfield: "foo")) Note that fields which are mapped to URL query parameters must have a primitive type or a repeated primitive type or a non-repeated message type. In the case of a repeated type, the parameter can be repeated in the URL as ...?param=A&param=B. In the case of a message type, each field of the message is mapped to a separate parameter, such as ...?foo.a=A&foo.b=B&foo.c=C. For HTTP methods that allow a request body, the body field specifies the mapping. Consider a REST update method on the message resource collection: service Messaging rpc UpdateMessage(UpdateMessageRequest) returns (Message) option (google.api.http) = patch: "/v1/messages/message_id" body: "message" ; message UpdateMessageRequest string message_id = 1; // mapped to the URL Message message = 2; // mapped to the body The following HTTP JSON to RPC mapping is enabled, where the representation of the JSON in the request body is determined by protos JSON encoding: HTTP | gRPC -----|----- PATCH /v1/messages/123456 "text": "Hi!" `|UpdateMessage(message_id: "123456" message text: "Hi!") The special namecan be used in the body mapping to define that every field not bound by the path template should be mapped to the request body. This enables the following alternative definition of the update method: service Messaging rpc UpdateMessage(Message) returns (Message) option (google.api.http) = patch: "/v1/messages/message_id" body: "" ; message Message string message_id = 1; string text = 2; The following HTTP JSON to RPC mapping is enabled: HTTP | gRPC -----|----- PATCH /v1/messages/123456 "text": "Hi!"|UpdateMessage(message_id: "123456" text: "Hi!") Note that when usingin the body mapping, it is not possible to have HTTP parameters, as all fields not bound by the path end in the body. This makes this option more rarely used in practice when defining REST APIs. The common usage of*is in custom methods which don't use the URL at all for transferring data. It is possible to define multiple HTTP methods for one RPC by using theadditional_bindingsoption. Example: service Messaging rpc GetMessage(GetMessageRequest) returns (Message) option (google.api.http) = get: "/v1/messages/message_id" additional_bindings get: "/v1/users/user_id/messages/message_id" ; message GetMessageRequest string message_id = 1; string user_id = 2; This enables the following two alternative HTTP JSON to RPC mappings: HTTP | gRPC -----|----- GET /v1/messages/123456|GetMessage(message_id: "123456") GET /v1/users/me/messages/123456|GetMessage(user_id: "me" message_id: "123456")`

Rules for HTTP mapping

  1. Leaf request fields (recursive expansion nested messages in the request message) are classified into three categories:
  2. Fields referred by the path template. They are passed via the URL path.
  3. Fields referred by the HttpRule.body. They are passed via the HTTP request body.
  4. All other fields are passed via the URL query parameters, and the parameter name is the field path in the request message. A repeated field can be represented as multiple query parameters under the same name.
  5. If HttpRule.body is "*", there is no URL query parameter, all fields are passed via URL path and HTTP request body.
  6. If HttpRule.body is omitted, there is no HTTP request body, all fields are passed via URL path and URL query parameters. ### Path template syntax Template = "/" Segments [ Verb ] ; Segments = Segment "/" Segment ; Segment = "" | "" | LITERAL | Variable ; Variable = "" FieldPath [ "=" Segments ] "" ; FieldPath = IDENT "." IDENT ; Verb = ":" LITERAL ; The syntax `matches a single URL path segment. The syntaxmatches zero or more URL path segments, which must be the last part of the URL path except theVerb. The syntaxVariablematches part of the URL path as specified by its template. A variable template must not contain other variables. If a variable matches a single path segment, its template may be omitted, e.g.var is equivalent tovar=*. The syntaxLITERALmatches literal text in the URL path. If theLITERAL contains any reserved character, such characters should be percent-encoded before the matching. If a variable contains exactly one path segment, such as"var"or "var=*", when such a variable is expanded into a URL path on the client side, all characters except[-_.~0-9a-zA-Z]are percent-encoded. The server side does the reverse decoding. Such variables show up in the [Discovery Document](https://developers.google.com/discovery/v1/reference/apis) as var. If a variable contains multiple path segments, such as"var=foo/*" or"`var=", when such a variable is expanded into a URL path on the client side, all characters except [-_.~/0-9a-zA-Z] are percent-encoded. The server side does the reverse decoding, except "%2F" and "%2f" are left unchanged. Such variables show up in the Discovery Document as +var. ## Using gRPC API Service Configuration gRPC API Service Configuration (service config) is a configuration language for configuring a gRPC service to become a user-facing product. The service config is simply the YAML representation of the google.api.Service proto message. As an alternative to annotating your proto file, you can configure gRPC transcoding in your service config YAML files. You do this by specifying a HttpRule that maps the gRPC method to a REST endpoint, achieving the same effect as the proto annotation. This can be particularly useful if you have a proto that is reused in multiple services. Note that any transcoding specified in the service config will override any matching transcoding configuration in the proto. Example: http: rules: # Selects a gRPC method and applies HttpRule to it.
  7. selector: example.v1.Messaging.GetMessage get: /v1/messages/message_id/sub.subfield ## Special notes When gRPC Transcoding is used to map a gRPC to JSON REST endpoints, the proto to JSON conversion must follow the proto3 specification . While the single segment variable follows the semantics of RFC 6570 Section 3.2.2 Simple String Expansion, the multi segment variable does not follow RFC 6570 Section 3.2.3 Reserved Expansion. The reason is that the Reserved Expansion does not expand special characters like ? and #, which would lead to invalid URLs. As the result, gRPC Transcoding uses a custom encoding for multi segment variables. The path variables must not refer to any repeated or mapped field, because client libraries are not capable of handling such variable expansion. The path variables must not capture the leading "/" character. The reason is that the most common use case "var" does not capture the leading "/" character. For consistency, all path variables must share the same behavior. Repeated message fields must not be mapped to URL query parameters, because no client library can support such complicated mapping. If an API needs to use a JSON array for request or response body, it can map the request or response body to a repeated field. However, some gRPC Transcoding implementations may not support this feature.

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from Core::JsonObjectSupport

#to_json

Methods included from Core::Hashable

process_value, #to_h

Constructor Details

#initialize(**args) ⇒ HttpRule

Returns a new instance of HttpRule.



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# File 'generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/classes.rb', line 2529

def initialize(**args)
   update!(**args)
end

Instance Attribute Details

#additional_bindingsArray<Google::Apis::ServiceusageV1::HttpRule>

Additional HTTP bindings for the selector. Nested bindings must not contain an additional_bindings field themselves (that is, the nesting may only be one level deep). Corresponds to the JSON property additionalBindings



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# File 'generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/classes.rb', line 2465

def additional_bindings
  @additional_bindings
end

#allow_half_duplexBoolean Also known as: allow_half_duplex?

When this flag is set to true, HTTP requests will be allowed to invoke a half-duplex streaming method. Corresponds to the JSON property allowHalfDuplex

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/classes.rb', line 2471

def allow_half_duplex
  @allow_half_duplex
end

#bodyString

The name of the request field whose value is mapped to the HTTP request body, or * for mapping all request fields not captured by the path pattern to the HTTP body, or omitted for not having any HTTP request body. NOTE: the referred field must be present at the top-level of the request message type. Corresponds to the JSON property body

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/classes.rb', line 2481

def body
  @body
end

#customGoogle::Apis::ServiceusageV1::CustomHttpPattern

A custom pattern is used for defining custom HTTP verb. Corresponds to the JSON property custom



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# File 'generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/classes.rb', line 2486

def custom
  @custom
end

#deleteString

Maps to HTTP DELETE. Used for deleting a resource. Corresponds to the JSON property delete

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/classes.rb', line 2491

def delete
  @delete
end

#getString

Maps to HTTP GET. Used for listing and getting information about resources. Corresponds to the JSON property get

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/classes.rb', line 2497

def get
  @get
end

#patchString

Maps to HTTP PATCH. Used for updating a resource. Corresponds to the JSON property patch

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/classes.rb', line 2502

def patch
  @patch
end

#postString

Maps to HTTP POST. Used for creating a resource or performing an action. Corresponds to the JSON property post

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/classes.rb', line 2507

def post
  @post
end

#putString

Maps to HTTP PUT. Used for replacing a resource. Corresponds to the JSON property put

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/classes.rb', line 2512

def put
  @put
end

#response_bodyString

Optional. The name of the response field whose value is mapped to the HTTP response body. When omitted, the entire response message will be used as the HTTP response body. NOTE: The referred field must be present at the top-level of the response message type. Corresponds to the JSON property responseBody

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/classes.rb', line 2521

def response_body
  @response_body
end

#selectorString

Selects a method to which this rule applies. Refer to selector for syntax details. Corresponds to the JSON property selector

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/classes.rb', line 2527

def selector
  @selector
end

Instance Method Details

#update!(**args) ⇒ Object

Update properties of this object



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# File 'generated/google/apis/serviceusage_v1/classes.rb', line 2534

def update!(**args)
  @additional_bindings = args[:additional_bindings] if args.key?(:additional_bindings)
  @allow_half_duplex = args[:allow_half_duplex] if args.key?(:allow_half_duplex)
  @body = args[:body] if args.key?(:body)
  @custom = args[:custom] if args.key?(:custom)
  @delete = args[:delete] if args.key?(:delete)
  @get = args[:get] if args.key?(:get)
  @patch = args[:patch] if args.key?(:patch)
  @post = args[:post] if args.key?(:post)
  @put = args[:put] if args.key?(:put)
  @response_body = args[:response_body] if args.key?(:response_body)
  @selector = args[:selector] if args.key?(:selector)
end